Research Resources

My #BreakfastPaleography Twitter threads (this list will be updated regularly):

1) Why the development of the letter [s] matters (posted on 12 March 2020):

2) Comparing 10th- and 11-century manuscripts in St. Gall (posted 13 March 2020):

3) Page layout in the 9th century (posted 14 March 2020):

4) The relationship between Carolingian and Humanistic script (posted 15 March 2020):

5) Germanic scriptoria (Hoffmann’s Buchkunst und Königtum im ottonischen und frühsalischen Reich) (posted 16 March 2020):

6) [ct] combos…always my favorite! (posted 17 March 2020)

7) What’s your paleography personality? Romanesque vs. Gothic (posted 18 March 2020):

8) Think like a paleographer! (posted 19 March 2020):

9) Insular fragmentology (posted 20 March 2020):

10) Voynich Paleography: How Many Glyphs? (posted 30 March 2020):

Here are a few of the online and print resources that I recommend to my students for researching medieval manuscripts:

General Manuscript Research:


Brother Aelfric’s Manuscript Leaf Identification Tutorial


Identifying Text and Liturgy

Latin Bible

Book of Hours generic text and translation

CANTUS Liturgical database (office liturgy)

Global Chant Database (mass liturgy)

Orbis Latinus (Latin placenames)

Identifying the Use of a Book of Hours

Book of Hours research worksheet

Grotefend (identifying Saints)

Hours of the Virgin (Prime and None antiphon and chapter)

              Beyond Use (detailed database of Use)

Office of the Dead (Ottosen: responsories)

Watermarks (Piccard)


Manuscript Provenance

Schoenberg Database of Manuscripts

Conway and Davis: “Directory of Collections in the United States and Canada with Pre-1600 Manuscript Holdings”


Printed sources:

Cappelli, Adriano. Dizionario De Abbreviature Latine Ed Italiane: Usate Nelle Carte E Codici Specialmente Del Medio-Evo Riprodotte Con Oltre 14000 Segni Incisi. Milano: Ulrico Hoepli, 1929.
Clemens, Raymond, and Timothy Graham. Introduction to Manuscript Studies. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2007.
De Hamel C. A History of Illuminated Manuscripts. London: Phaidon Press, 2014.
Faye, C U, W H. Bond, and Seymour . Ricci. Supplement to the Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. New York: Bibliographical Society of America, 1962.
Gwara, Scott. Otto Ege’s Manuscripts: A Study of Ege’s Manuscript Collections, Portfolios, and Retail Tade with a Comprehensive Handlist of Manuscripts Collected or Sold. Cayce: University of South Carolina, 2013.
de Ricci, Seymour , William J. Wilson, C U. Faye, and W H. Bond. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. New York: Bibliographical Society of America, 1938.
Shailor, Barbara A. The Medieval Book: Illustrated from the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library; [catalogue of an Exhibition Held Aug. 15 – Oct. 31, 1988]. Toronto: Univ. of Toronto Press, 2002.
Wieck, Roger S, Lawrence R. Poos, Virginia Reinburg, and John Plummer. Time Sanctified: The Book of Hours in Medieval Art and Life. New York, [N.Y.: George Braziller, in association with the Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, 1988.